There are several camshaft types, the engine I bought came with a sporty Type K camshaft in the box. When fitting a new camshaft, always use new cam followers (with a flat bottom) otherwise your cam will be gone in notime.
After fitting the K-camshaft I put on the flange with new bolts that came with the original timing gear kit. When I had a look at the exploded view in several part catalogues I saw some kind of washers being used between the bolts and flange. I assume the new bolts are self securing ones so I fitted the flange without the mysterious washers. After that I pushed in the woodruf key and hit it gently with a hammer.
|Genuine Volvo 122S Timing gear set|
|Fitting the camshaft flange Volvo 122S B20B|
|Thightening the 36 mm camshaft bolt to 145 Nm|
The little steel gear was a bit harder to push on the crankshaft, actually it was impossible. Somebody told me to heat the gear and sleeve so they would expand a bit. I put the gear and sleeve for 30 minutes in a 220C oven and, while still hot, I could easily slide them over the crankshaft. For the last mm's I tapped the sleeve with a rubber hammer. Btw I didn't know that garden gloves could produce smoke...
With the gear in this position I put in the distributor drive gear ; Cylinder 4 (the one at the back of the engine) is now in TDC and the distributor rotor should point at plug no. four. Or you can turn the shafts so that Cylinder 1 is in TDC and the rotor selects plug number one (the rotor turns CCW and the crankshaft CW). Just an extra check: If you take a closer look at the drive gear you'll see that there is a small -and a big part at the groove on top. With Cylinder 1 in TDC put the gear in at an angle of 35 degrees. When you place the distributor on top of it, the rotor should select plug number one (see pics below).
|New timing gear fitted Volvo 122S B20B|
|Drive gear at an angle of 35 degrees with cylinder 1 in TDC|
|Rotor selecting plug number 1 with cylinder 1 in TDC|
See numbers corresponding with cylinder numbers
|Bosch Distributor 0 231 146 078 JFUR4 1969 Volvo122S B20B|
The distributor looks ok, so I only replaced the cover, rotor, points and leads. There's a cup on the side of the distributor (close to no 1 on the pic) in which I put oil for the lubrication of the shaft. To lubricate the advance system just put 2 or 3 drops of oil on the felt top of the shaft. After the distributor was bolted on I turned the engine on the stand and fitted the oil pump and pipe with new rubber rings. I had to buy a new pump because the tooth flank clearance was to big which will cause a lower oil pressure.